كتاب Practice Standard for Scheduling

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Preface

The Practice Standard for Scheduling has been developed as a complement to A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide–Third Edition) in the Knowledge Area of Project Time Management. This practice standard describes the methods related to scheduling that are generally recognized as good practice for most projects most of the time. Good practice means that there is general agreement that the correct application of these skills, tools, and techniques can enhance the chances of success over a wide range of different projects. Good practice does not mean that the knowledge described should always be applied uniformly on all projects; the project management team is responsible for determining what is appropriate for any given project.

The project management community has strongly voiced the need for a standard to promote the development of sound schedules. In addition, the community asked for the capability to assess the adequacy of their schedules.

This practice standard is designed to provide project management practitioners, who are familiarwith the PMBOK Guide–Third Edition, with a summary of the benefits and advantages of a well-developed and maintained schedule model. This practice standard describes the hallmarks of a sound and effective project scheduling methodology, as well as providing quantifiable means for assessing the application of the provisions of this standard to a schedule model.

One of the most significant developments in the creation of this practice standard centered upon the clarification of the term schedule. It became apparent through the discussion process and the community feedback that there is significant support for the clarification of this terminology. For example, the legal precedence surrounding the termschedule results in this termhaving multiple meanings. However, the community requires the clarity that discrete terms provide.

The primary distinction that had to bemade was between the tool that is commonly employed in schedule development and the output or product of the schedule development effort. Common practice has been to refer to a schedule as both: the whole program and database that is used to create a schedule; and the output of that process, namely the schedule itself. The Practice Standard for Scheduling defines the meaning of a schedule as two distinct terms, project schedule and, the newly added, schedule model. The terms scheduling method, and scheduling tool were introduced to link the process areas in the PMBOK Guide–Third Edition with the high level process flow of schedule development. These terms are further developed in Chapter 2 and defined in the Glossary.

Thus, schedule development flows from the selection of an appropriate scheduling method followed by selection and use of a scheduling tool. Next, project-specific data is entered into the scheduling tool to produce the schedulemodel. Fromthere, instances of project schedules are produced for a wide range of uses. With these discrete terms, project management practitioners have the ability to trace the process areas from the PMBOK Guide–Third Edition to the finished product.

This practice standard is consistent with the PMBOK Guide–Third Edition. It also includes information from accepted project management practices from many industries. The Project Management Institute standards program will periodically update this standard as part of the overall planned evolution of PMI standards documents. Comments from project management practitioners are both requested and welcome. Within this standard, italicized words are defined in the Glossary or are used to identify other documents.

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